Juvenile Court Services - Probation 4100 Branch Center Road • Sacramento, CA 95827 • Phone: (916) 875-6868 • Fax: (916) 876-9128
Juvenile Court - Citation Hearings
4100 Branch Center Road • Sacramento, CA 95827 • Phone: (916) 875-4202 • Fax: (916) 875-4206
Juvenile Courthouse - Hearings before Judges
9605 Kiefer Boulevard • Sacramento, CA 95827 • Phone: (916) 876-7753 • Fax: (916) 876-9016 • website
Probation is an integral part of the Sacramento Superior Courts in both adult and juvenile matters. The Probation Department also prepares the investigative reports for both juveniles and adults, which assist the Sacramento County Superior Courts in making decisions on disposition and sentencing. Juvenile Court intake officers conduct a detention risk assessment at the time of booking to determine if a minor will be detained or released.
Officers develop an intake report prior to arraignments or settlement hearings that provide the court valuable information regarding a minor's home life, schooling and any previous criminal history. Officers also make recommendations to the court for disposition (sentencing) based on the youth's needs and public safety concerns.
Officers serve as presenters in the juvenile courtroom, ushering non-detained minors and families into the courtroom, providing last-minute case information, and researching probation issues at the court's request. When hearings conclude, probation officers provide families and minors relevant information about the case and next steps.
Services officers also work with victims of the alleged crimes, to
develop the social study reports and seek restitution on behalf of the victims. Probation maintains Juvenile Court Records and
manages requests for record seals.
Juvenile Court Proceedings
The Probation Department is involved in several aspects of Juvenile Court proceedings. The parent and minor are required to attend all hearings, unless their appearance is specifically waived by the minor's attorney. The parent will receive information about hearings either in the mail or by phone.
If the minor is being detained in the Youth Detention Facility, there will be a detention hearing in no more than 72 hours from their booking date, counting only court business days. At the detention hearing, the Judge will determine if the minor will be kept at the Youth Detention Facility, released without restrictions or go home on electronic monitoring or home supervision while awaiting their trial.
The detention hearing also serves as the arraignment for the minor, where the court will read the charges against the minor and appoint an attorney if the parent cannot afford one.
After the minor is booked into the Youth Detention Facility, a probation officer will tell the parent and minor the date and time of the detention hearing. Parents can call (916) 875-6996 with questions.
The minor will be arraigned in Juvenile Court if the minor was not detained at the Youth Detention Facility and if either the District Attorney has decided to charge the minor with an offense, or if during a citation hearing before a probation officer, it was determined the offense was serious enough that it needed to be heard by a Juvenile Court Judge.
The parent will receive notification by phone and/or mail from Probation regarding the minor's court date for their arraignment.
The purpose of the arraignment hearing is to appoint an attorney for the minor if the parent cannot afford one and to read the petition containing the charges against the minor.
In Sacramento County, the next hearing is a Settlement Conference. At this hearing, the minor 's defense attorney, the deputy district attorney, and the judge attempt to resolve the case without the necessity of a trial. If the minor admits guilt, a dispositional hearing generally will be heard immediately, or will be set for 10 days later. If the minor does not admit guilt, the case is scheduled for a jurisdictional hearing – a juvenile court trial.
If the minor does not admit responsibility, the case will be scheduled for a trial called a jurisdictional hearing. At this hearing, evidence and witness testimony are presented to the judge. There are no juries in Juvenile Court.
During the jurisdictional hearing, the deputy district attorney must prove the charges. Both the District Attorney and the Defense will have the opportunity to call witnesses, present evidence and cross examine witnesses.
If, at the conclusion of the jurisdictional hearing, the judge determines that the charge or charges are not true, the case is dismissed. If, on the other hand, the judge determines that the charge or charges are true, the case proceeds to a dispositional hearing – the time when the judge will impose sanctions and treatment.
A disposition hearing is equivalent to a sentencing hearing in adult court. If the judge rules that the minor committed the offense, then the judge will review the minor's social study report that is prepared by the probation department in advance of the settlement conference. The judge will hear comments from both the minor's attorney and the deputy district attorney. The judge may then hear comments from the minor's parent or guardian as well as from the minor. On some occasions, victims and victims' family members may make a statement.
The judge will decide how the minor will be rehabilitated, how the minor will repair the harm caused to the victim and the community, and the appropriate conditions of probation.
Conditions of Probation
Whether the minor admits responsibility or the judge determines after trial that the charges are true, dispositions may include community service, home supervision, electronic monitoring, counseling or treatment, restitution to the victim, court fines, and foster care. They may also include commitment to the Youth Detention Facility or the Valley Oak Youth Academy (VOYA). These requirements, along with others – such as attending school, drug testing, and obeying all laws – are court-ordered conditions of Probation.
Checking in at the Courthouse
*** Due to COVID-19 restrictions, you will be notified of the hearing location and specifications prior to your court hearing ***
Parents for both in-custody and out-of-custody minors must check in at the customer service window upon arrival to the courthouse. They will receive a pager and be directed to the appropriate courtroom. The pager will be used to alert the parents to any pre-conference with the minor's attorney prior to a hearing. The pager will also be used to alert the parents to the start of the hearing. A probation officer who serves as the court presenter will page the parents and then escort them into the courtroom when it is time for the hearing to begin.
There is a dress code and code of conduct for everyone who attends a hearing. Both the parent's clothing and conduct should display respect for the Court and show the Court that they take the case seriously. If attire and conduct are not in compliance with the Court rules, the parents will not be allowed in the courtroom, and the case will be rescheduled.
At check in, the parent may receive a copy of an intake report on their minor's case to review.
While inside the courtroom all cell phones and pagers must be turned off.
After the Hearing
Immediately following the hearing, parents and out-of-custody minors will be directed to contact Probation at (916) 875-4600.
For more information on the courts, please visit www.saccourt.ca.gov.